Definition & Facts about ABI

DefinitionABI infographic - November 2015

Damage to the brain, which occurs after birth, as a result of a traumatic or non-traumatic event and is not related to a congenital or degenerative disease and can result in temporary, prolonged or permanent impairments in cognitive, emotional, behavioral or physical functioning.

Trauma, such as from a fall or motor vehicle accident, stroke, aneurysm, tumour, exposure to toxins and infections of the brain are some common causes of acquired brain injury.


Acquired brain injury is the 4th leading cause of disability in Canada.

50,000 Canadians sustain brain injuries each year. Incidence (and reporting rates) are rising. Over a million Canadians live with the effects of an acquired brain injury.

About 50% of all acquired brain injuries in Canada come from falls and motor vehicle accidents.

The incidence and prevalence of brain injury outnumbers breast cancer, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis and HIV/AIDs – combined.

What is the impact of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Ontario?

Impact of TBI in Ontario

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